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Notices and Reports


International

International Directory on Prevention and Management of Violent Conflicts

The European Platform for Conflict Prevention and Transformation is a network of organizations that promotes co-operation between participating bodies via the exchange of information and the provision of advice. The platform has just published the latest edition of its International Directory on Prevention and Management of Violent Conflicts. Containing almost five hundred profiles of organizations and institutions working in the field of conflict prevention and management, the directory constitutes an important reference-work for peace researchers. Further information is available via the Internet. Copies can be obtained at the price of $US25 from the address given below.

Contact: European Platform for Conflict Prevention and Transformation, PO Box 14069, NL-3508 SC Utrecht, Netherlands, Tel.: +31 (30) 2537528, Fax: +31 (30) 2537529, e-mail: euconflict@antenna.nl, http://www.euconflict.org

TRANSCEND: A Peace and Development Network

TRANSCEND is a network of selected scholars and practitioners working for peace and development by peaceful means. It provides freely available information via the Internet and organizes training seminars on, amongst other things, peaceful conflict-transformation, the empowerment of peace activists, peace education, peace journalism, peacekeeping, and peaceful dispute-settlement. The areas currently being researched within the framework of TRANSCEND are: non-territorial federalism, functional independence, conflict transformation and psychology, the dialogue process, local and subsistence economics, models for global economy crises.

Contact: Prof. Johan Galtung (Director), 51 Bois Chatton, F-01210 Versonnex, France, e-mail: 102464.1110@compuserve.com, http://www.transcend.org

International Feminist Journal of Politics (IFjP)

This new journal, edited by Jan Jindy Pettman (Australia), Kathleen B. Jones (USA), and Gillian Youngs (UK) and due to begin publication in 1999, occupies a position on the juncture between international relations, political science, and research on women.

The journal aims to build up a critical community of writers and readers, covering aspects of theory and practice in an accessible way. It will engage in debate on contemporary conditions and will present research into women, gender relations, and sexuality in the domains of international relations, political theory, international political economy, globalization studies, comparative politics, peace research, international law, development studies, political geography, and ethnology.

Articles of 5,000 to 8,000 words in length are still being sought for the first edition in June 1999.

Contact: Dr Jan Jindy Pettman, International Feminist Journal of Politics, Centre for Women's Studies, ANU, Canberra ACT, Australia 0200, Tel.: +61 (26) 2495977/4349, Fax: +61 (26) 2798432, e-mail: IFjP@anu.edu.au

The Frontiers of Non-violence

In the century that began with the Hague Peace Conference and a promise that war would be replaced by diplomacy, war and violence now pose a greater threat than ever. But there are a number of encouraging examples of non-violence in action. By exploring `the frontiers of non-violence', this book of the same name--a collection of essays edited by two former convenors of the IPRA Non-violence Commission, Chaiwat Satha-Anad and Michael True--attempts to create a language of peace.

The collection of essays focuses on feminist peace-studies, psychoanalytic insights, language theory, and case histories relating to non-violence, and it explores ways of developing a culture of peace at the local, national, and international levels. The book contains contributions by Kenneth E. Boulding, Berenice Carrol, Susan Evangelista, Antonio Drago, Pat Patfoort, Ramon Lopez-Reyes, Robert Casals I Graells, and the two editors. It is published by the IPRA and may be obtained at a cost of $US8 (cheques only) from the Consortium on Peace Research, Education, and Development (COPRED).

Contact: Consortium on Peace Research, Education, and Development, George Mason University, Fairfax, Virginia 22030-4444, USA, e-mail: copred@gmu.edu

Internships at the United Nations

United Nations headquarters is once again organizing an internship programme. The purpose of the programme is to promote a better understanding of major world-problems amongst participants and provide them with an insight into UN responses to these.

The programme consists of three two-month sessions spread over the year: mid-January to mid-March, early June to early August, and mid-September to mid-November. It takes place in the headquarters' various departments and is aimed at outstanding graduate-students specializing in a number of fields including: population studies, women's studies, humanitarian and environmental affairs, international relations, international law, journalism, media and communication studies, public administration, political science, social affairs, translation, and economics.

Anyone wishing to apply should have completed at least three years of university study but should not already have a Master's degree.

There is no payment for internship. Costs of travel, accommodation, and living expenses must be covered by interns themselves or by their sponsoring institutions. To obtain an application form, please write or send a fax to the following address (no e-mails):

Contact: Co-ordinator of the Internship Programme, Room S-2570. United Nations, New York, NY 10017, USA, Tel.: +1 (212) 963-4437, Fax: +1 (212) 963-3683, http://www.un.org/Depts/OHRM/intern.htm

Britain

University of Bradford Website on Biological and Toxin Weapons

The Department of Peace Studies at Bradford University is offering an up-to-date information service on the process of strengthening the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention (BTWC). The website at http://www.brad.ac.uk/acad/sbtwc contains a substantial database on the BTWC, especially the current negotiations in Geneva. It also includes the latest draft of the Protocol, current working papers from the ad-hoc group, the Bradford series of Briefing Papers, published reports on progress in the negotiations, and other relevant material.

The website is part of the department's Project on Strengthening the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention and was set up in collaboration with the Stockholm Peace Research Institute (SIPRI).

Contact: Dr Steve Webster, Department of Peace Studies, University of Bradford, West Yorkshire BD7 1DP, UK, Tel.: +44 (1274) 232323 X 5237, Fax: +44 (1274) 235240, e-mail: S.T.Webster@bradford.ac.uk, http://www.brad.ac.uk/acad/sbtwc/

Schumacher College

Schumacher College is an international centre for ecological studies in south-west England. It organizes short residential courses for people from all over the world who are interested in this subject. The courses offer participants the opportunity to get to know leading social and ecological activists and intellectuals and to network with other participants and collaborate with them in creating a sustainable future. All the courses are led by internationally known writers and thinkers including: Vandana Shiva, Wangari Maathai, Andrew Kimbrell, Sunderlal Bahuguna, Dr A. T. Ariyaratne, Joanna Macy, Francis Macy, Sulak Sivasaksa, Tewolde Egziabher, Christine v. Weizsäcker, and Wes Jackson.

In 1999, the following courses will be offered:

* In Search of Technological Responsibility: Agriculture, Biosafety, Democracy (10-29 January 1999). The course will examine the latest challenges presented by genetic engineering and biotechnologies and their effects on politics, the economy, culture, agriculture, etc., both in industrial countries and in so-called developing countries. Participants will consider alternative and sustainable agricultural methods based on natural ecosystems that have existed for millions of years.

* Acting for the Earth (6-26 February 1998). The course will examine the techniques employed by activists--from Gandhi to Martin Luther King and from Greenpeace to Earth First--to promote the well-being of humankind and of the earth. The aim is to enable participants to find the most appropriate methods for their country and community from amongst the various strategies considered--from direct action to grass-roots activities, and from legal battles to gentle persuasion.

Contact: The Administrator, Schumacher College, The Old Postern, Dartington, Totnes, Devon TQ9 6EA, UK, Tel.: +44 (1803) 865934, Fax: +44 (1803) 866899, e-mail: schumcoll@gn.apc.org, http://www.gn.apc.org/schumachercollege

Germany

Music and Peace

Treatment of the question of peace as it occurs in belletristic literature is not unusual. Individual interpretations are easy to find, and so are synoptic accounts. It is remarkable that nothing comparable is to be found about the treatment of peace in music. The first attempt at a broad-based account can now be found in Dieter Senghaas's piece `Werden Nacht und Stürme Licht? Annäherungen an den Frieden über klassische Musik' (published in the social sciences journal Leviathan , 26 (1998), 3: 370-99). Professor Senghaas, the Bremen-based peace-researcher, plans to hold a workshop to tackle the question in greater depth. Inputs would be welcome in particular from opera, operetta, jazz, pop music, film music, and folksong. Anyone who is able to provide these and is interested in the idea of a workshop should contact Dieter Senghaas at the address below.

Contact: Prof. Dieter Senghaas, Fachbereich 8/INIIS, Postfach 330440, D-28334 Bremen, Tel.: +49 (421) 2182281, Fax: +49 (421) 2187248, e-mail: tmenge@uni-bremen.de

European Museum for Peace: Brainstorming/Workshop at the Protestant Academy in Mülheim

At the invitation of Dr Wolfgang R. Vogt, academic director of the European Museum for Peace, which is due to open in Schlaining castle, Austria, on 8 May 2000, a small group of people from various domains (peace movement, peace research, church-based peace-work, museum design) met together on 9-10 September for a kind of brainstorming session aimed at advancing the plans for the museum (see AFBInfo 98/1).

It became clear, during the discussions, that this ambitious project, unlike what has gone before, is not an `anti' project: in contrast to many anti-war museums, for example, it does not (just) want to highlight baleful situations and db%cles; it wants, rather, to give substance to what is, in itself, the very subjective and sometimes empty notion of peace and thus tread an alternative path that goes beyond the negative definition of peace as the absence of war. The museum thus forms a natural part of UNESCO's `Culture of Peace' programme and will also be the starting-point for a European `Castle Route' along which the cultural diversity of Europe will be displayed.

That said, the museum is not some kind of pink-edged cloud-cuckoo-land displaying nice ideas about peace in a former robber-baron's siege-castle. Although the museum is concerned with visions of peace, violence (both everyday and military) and conflicts (permutations of, actors in, methods of resolving) will be represented on an equal footing with peace. But the fact that the `peace' section will be lodged on the finest floor of the castle, in the former seigniorial apartments, indicates the aims and emphases of the museum.

In regard to the arrangement of the various spaces, it was stressed that there can be no question of an exhaustive depiction of every possible phenotype (e.g. forms of violence). The various areas of interest must be reduced to core paradigms and linked as closely as possible to specific actors and individual fates. The Janus-like role of science as a source either of violence or of peace will be a particular focus of critical appraisal here.

All those who took part in the brainstorming were agreed that the project has to transcend previous notions of museums, because the object of interest--peace--needs to be conceived of as a process, and one which, more than any other, thrives on active shaping and reshaping. The constant and direct involvement of visitors therefore remains one of the chief tasks of the Museum for Peace.

Contact: Dr Wolfgang R. Vogt, Isestraße 59, 20149 Hamburg, Tel.: +49 (40) 465266, Fax: +49 (40) 4800754

BICC Yearbook 1998

The third Bonn International Center for Conversion (BICC) Yearbook focuses on the world-wide process of adjustment of the arms industry to the drastically reduced military budgets and the dramatic fall in employment. The authors also give an overview of current trends in international disarmament and conversion. The BIC3D index, now a standard feature of the yearbook, has been updated. It combines data on military expenditure, weapons holdings, troop strengths, and arms-industry jobs, resulting in a list of countries ranked according to their success in disarmament. The central message conveyed by the yearbook is that the world-wide process of disarmament has slowed down but has not come to a complete standstill.

Contact: Dr Michael Dedek, Leiter Presse- und Öffentlichkeitsarbeit, Bonn International Center for Conversion (BICC), An der Elisabethkirche 25, D-53113 Bonn, Tel.: +49 (228) 91196-52, e-mail: dedek@bicc.uni-bonn.de, http://www.bicc.uni-bonn.de/general/survey98/

New Human-Rights Forum

The Forum Menschenrechte (FMR: Human-Rights Forum), an association of country-wide German non-governmental organizations, was formed on 12 January 1994, on the occasion of the UN human-rights conference in Vienna. It is directed by a co-ordinating committee comprising the following organizations: Deutscher Gewerkschaftsbund (DGB: German Trade Union Federation), Diakonisches Werk (social service agency of the German Protestant Church), Justitia et Pax, Deutsche Gesellschaft für die Vereinten Nationen (German UN Association), and Terre des Femmes.

The forum publishes a series containing annual reports and statements on the German government's human-rights reports and on important individual issues (such as the fight against racism, implementation of the UN's Vienna declaration, EU policy, etc.). The current issue contains the annual report for 1997 and an account of activities to date, together with the texts of press statements made in 1997.

To mark the fiftieth anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the forum organized a meeting entitled `Promised--Violated--Demanded', which took place in Bonn on 28 and 29 April 1998 and included work-groups on issues such as human rights, asylum, racism, and women's rights.

Contact: Terre des Femmes, Kanzlei Kalthegener, Wilhelmstr. 26, D-53111 Bonn, Tel. +49 (228) 650380, Fax: +49 (228) 650381.

Global Learning CD-Rom

After two years' work, the `Global Learning' CD ROM developed by the Verein für Friedenspädagogik Tübingen (Tübingen Association for Peace Education) is now ready. It is aimed mainly at `disseminators' but can also be used independently by school students.

The twelve topic-areas dealt with (these include globalization and global threats, social perceptions, critical approaches to the media, and `Global Games and Global Ethics--Diversity, Similarity, Conflict') are tackled using four different approaches. First, the particular topic is addressed through text, images, sound, and video sequences. Secondly, more in-depth background information is offered. Thirdly, there are pre-prepared teaching materials on each topic, all of which can be printed off. Lastly, the `service' section offers further tips, addresses, Internet links, literature, etc.

The CD ROM is available free of charge from: Bundeszentrale für politische Bildung, Referat Medienpädagogik und neue Medien, Berliner Freiheit 7, D-53111 Bonn.

Contact: Verein für Friedenspädagogik Tübingen e.V., Bachgasse 22, D-72070 Tübingen, Tel.: +49 (7071) 21312, Fax: +49 (7071) 21543, e-mail: f-paed@gaia.de, http://www.friedenspaedagogik.de

Call for Papers: The New German Foreign and Security Policy

The 1999 colloquium of the Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Friedens- und Konfliktforschung (AFK: German Association for Peace and Conflict Research), which will be taking place ten years after the upheavals in eastern and central Europe and five months after the German parliamentary elections of September 1998, will take as its central theme the new German foreign and security policy. The colloquium will be held from 26 to 28 February 1999 in the Protestant Academy in Iserlohn, and its aim is to produce a first review of the situation and to highlight possible developments from the point of view of peace research.

Six panel-sessions are planned for the second day, covering various aspects of German foreign and security policy. The AFK is launching a call for papers for these panels. It is envisaged that there will be one or two core talks for each panel (30 minutes followed by 30 minutes of discussion), to be supplemented by short addresses.

Panel 1: Globalization, geopolitics, civilizationÉstrategy-development and decision-making in security policy

Panel 2: What are the Left's plans for foreign and security policy? Chances of a new direction.

Panel 3: How effective is German foreign and security policy in dealing with conflict? Comparison of German involvement in the Bosnian and Kosovan crises.

Panel 4: On the usefulness of the ideas promoted by peace and conflict research in setting German foreign and security policy on a new course.

Panel 5: Do we need a new `Anti-White Paper'? Principles and goals of peace and conflict research at the time of the social-democrat/liberal coalition from today's perspective.

Panel 6: The view from outside: new and old German foreign and security policy from the point of view of the country's neighbours.

The colloquium is being organized by the AFK executive, who will be responsible for the choice of speakers. The executive is particularly interested in contributions from women researchers and up-and-coming academics, and from the new German Länder. Anyone interested in submitting a paper should send a proposal and brief summary as soon as possible to the address below.

Contact: Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Friedens- und Konfliktforschung, z. Hd. Dr. Arend Wellmann, Adolfstr. 19, D-13347 Berlin, Tel.: +49 (30) 46601433, e-mail: arend@zedat.fu-berlin.de

On the Roots of Violence: A Distance-Learning Course Run by the FernUniversität Hagen

From the winter term 1998-9, the Institut für Frieden und Demokratie (Institute for Peace and Democracy) at the FernUniversität Hagen (a tertiary distance-learning establishment) will be offering a one-term course in `Peace and Conflict Research', leading to the award of a Certificate. The course will focus on the bases of, and motives for, violent behaviour between states and other social entities.

Rather than attributing the fact of bloody wars to a single cause such as `human nature' or particular characteristics of (usually) the male sex, the course focuses on the roots of violence at the individual, meso, and macro levels, from the perspective of various disciplines such as philosophy, psychology/depth-psychology, and the social and political sciences. It also asks whether/to what extent the distinction between direct, structural, and cultural violence that is so central to contemporary peace-research can help uncover different types of socially significant violence and their causes.

The distance-learning course, which involves about 240 hours of work and weekend seminars, is intended as a supplement to professional or educational qualifications. Participants (maximum number 30) must have completed a degree course or have relevant experience. The Certificate is awarded on completion of a dissertation. Fees are DM580 (c.Euro 290). The deadline for applications is 15 October 1998.

Contact: (for applications) Studentensekretariat der FernUniversität Hagen, Konkordiastr. 5, D-58084 Hagen, Tel.: +49 (2331) 987-2953. For other information: Institut Frieden und Demokratie, Tel.: +49 (2331) 987-2365 (Mon., Wed., Fri. 10 a.m. to 3 p.m.).

Projecting the Future

The Gesellschaft für Zukunftsmodelle und Systemkritik (GZS) was set up on 26 March 1977 by a group of residents of Gelsenkirchen and the surrounding area, in response to a suggestion by Werner Mittelstaedt. The creation of the society came as a response to the complex social, economic, political, ecological, and scientific/technological questions and crises facing humankind. Officially recognized as a non-profit-making organization, the GZS, with a current membership of about 40, maintains contacts with academic institutions, with researchers in the fields of futurology, peace research, and the environment, and also with the various non-governmental organizations that have emerged from the new social movements. The society relies entirely on voluntary work, donations, and membership fees.

Amongst the society's chief areas of interest are: sustainable development, with special reference to tensions between North and South; ethics of the future; the development of models for resolving complex scientific/technological and social problems through chaos theory and self-organization theory; globalization versus regionalization; and world citizenship. The GZS also conducts projects in the fields of futurology and peace research and sets up dialogues about relevant issues between individuals and experts in the scientific, cultural, and technological domains.

Since 1980, the GZS has published a journal Blickpunkt Zukunft, which is obtainable from the address below.

Contact: Gesellschaft für Zukunftsmodelle und Systemkritik e.V., c/o Werner Mittelstaedt, Pastor-Saß-Str. 2a, D-45889 Gelsenkirchen.

The European Peace Order and the Sovereignty of States: PRIF Celebrates Its Twenty-Fifth Anniversary

The volume edited by Bruno Schoch as a follow-up to the conference on `The European Peace Order and the Sovereignty of States', held on 2-3 November 1995 by the PRIF (Peace Research Institute Frankfurt/Hessische Stiftung Friedens- und Konfliktforschung) to mark its twenty-fifth anniversary, has now been published in the series `Studien der Hessischen Stiftung Friedens- und Konfliktforschung'.

Picking up on the themes of the conference, the book tackles the following issues: (1) The EU--integrating economically but at the same time retaining nation-state sovereignty in foreign and security policy; (2) Will the eastward expansion of the European Union lead to the postponement of its political deepening, or at least a gradation of it? (3) The OSCE: bridges between sovereign states and an international organization containing elements of collective security? (4) The OSCE and the East: European `peacekeeping' in the CIS versus Russian `sphere of influence' policy? (5) The chances for multilateralism in the USA and transatlantic relations; (6) Who is emerging as a future strong-man in the European system?

Contact: Hessische Stiftung Friedens- und Konfliktforschung, Leimenrode 29, D-60322 Frankfurt/M., Tel.: +49 (69) 959104-0, Fax: +49 (69) 558481, e-mail: hsfk@em.uni-frankfurt.de, http://www.rz.uni-frankfurt.de/hsfk

Russia/The Netherlands

The Future of War: Ivan Bloch Commemorative Conference

The Great Wars seem to be over, but there is no peace. Internal state conflicts, terrorism, and genocide seem to be on the increase. What is the future of the state and the international system, and what is the future of war and politically motivated violence?

These are the core questions that will be addressed at the Ivan Bloch Commemorative Conference, to be held in the heart of St Petersburg from 24 to 27 February 1999. The conference is being organized by the Dutch Foundation of War Studies in collaboration with the universities of St Petersburg and Groningen. The conference language will be English. The conference fee is $US550, which should be remitted by 15 December 1998. The organizers have managed to reserve a number of rooms at discounted prices, and the Dutch airline KLM is offering conference participants special prices on flights to St Petersburg if these are booked via the KLM office in St Petersburg.

A full information-pack is available from the address below.

Contact: Foundation for War Studies, Oosterhaven 11, NL-9723 AP Groningen, Netherlands, Tel.: +31(50) 3180686, Fax: +31 (50) 3187125, e-mail: pvk.project@tip.nl

Switzerland

Civilian Conflict Resolution in Africa: The Swiss Contribution

A report by Günther Bächler on civilian conflict resolution in Africa has been published in the Swiss Peace Foundation's series of `Working Papers'. As well as providing a topographical overview of the conflicts and trouble-spots in Africa, the report describes various options for third-party civilian conflict resolution--e.g. psychological and political mediation and problem-solving workshops--and the preconditions for their success. The fourth section of the report deals with the geographical areas in which the Swiss attempts to promote peace are focused (notably Ehtiopia).

Contact: Schweizerische Friedensstiftung, Institut für Konfliktlösung, Gerechtigkeitsgasse 12, Postfach, CH-3000 Bern 8, Tel.: +41 (31) 3102727, Fax: +41 (31) 3102728, e-mail: swisspeace@dial.eunet.ch

United States of America

Master of Arts in Peace Studies, University of Notre Dame

The Joan B. Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies of the University of Notre Dame, Indiana, offers a multidisciplinary programme of graduate study leading to the Master of Arts in Peace Studies. Each year, out of a large number of applicants, about twenty students are selected for the intensive eleven-month programme. At least two-thirds of those selected come from outside the USA. The requirements are: a commitment to interdisciplinary study of the causes of collective violence and the conditions of peace; academic references; a four-year BA/BSc. or equivalent, and fluent written and spoken English (TOEFL test). It is also recommended that applicants have: knowledge of international relations, experience of political or community activity, and a commitment to working for peace and justice. Scholarships are available. The deadline for applications is 5 January.

Contact: The Joan B. Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies, University of Notre Dame, PO Box 639, Notre Dame, IN 46556-0639, USA, Tel.: +1 (219) 631-6970, Fax: +1 (219) 631-6973, e-mail: kroc-admissions.1@nd.edu, http://www.nd.edu/~krocinst


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