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Notices and Reports


Citizenship Studies

Citizenship Studies is an interdisciplinary journal which began publication in February 1997. It publishes internationally recognized scholarly work on citizenship, human rights, and democratic processes in the fields of politics, sociology, history, philosophy, and cultural studies. Forthcoming special issues will cover: Islam and Women; International Relations; Feminist Theory and Rights; Cities and Citizenship. Articles for publication may be sent to the address below.

Contacts: (1) For authors within North America: Prof. Engin Isin, Urban Studies Program, York University, Toronto, Ontario M3J 1P3, Canada, Fax: +1 (416) 736-5924, e-mail: - (2) For authors outside North America: Bryan Turner, Citizenship Studies, Dean Faculty of Arts, Deakin University, Geelong Victoria 3217 Australia. The Citizenship website may be found at:

International Conference in Münster: `The 350th Anniversary of the Peace of Westphalia, 1648-1998'

To mark the 350th anniversary of the Peace of Westphalia, an international conference on the theme `From Pragmatic Solution to Global Structure' will take place from 16 to 19 July 1998 in Münster. The conference is being organized by the European Peace Research Association (EuPRA), the Institute of Political Science of the University of Münster, and the Faculty of Public Administration and Public Policy of the University of Twente. As part of the conference, the following workshops on gender and/or feminist analysis will be offered: (1) Gendered States; (2) Towards a Feminist Critique of the Interstate System: Historical and Theoretical Perspectives on International Structures; (3) Rethinking Concepts of Peace from a Feminist Perspective.

In addition, there will be workshops on the following topics: The Westphalian System and Beyond; Organizing Anarchy in Europe: International Regimes; Organizing Anarchy in Europe: International Identities; International Law: From Grotius to the UN System; International Law: From Grotius to European Community Law; the Meaning of War in the Westphalian System; the Conquest of Distance and the South; the Conquest of Distance and the State System; Globalization of the Westphalian System: The International Order in Asia; Globalization of the Westphalian System: Sovereignty-related Conflicts in Central and Eastern Europe; Towards a Telematic State System; the Monetary Structures of Europe; the Evolution of Democracy; the Evolution of Democracy: The Legitimacy of Government; the Extension of Sovereignty Rights: Human Rights and Sovereignty; the Extension of Sovereignty Rights: Sovereignty over Natural Resources; An Eco-map of Europe; the Role of the State in Education. The conference language will be English.

Contact: Dr Jaap H. de Wilde, European Peace Research Association, Dept. of Political Science, University of Twente, PO Box 217, NL-7500 AE Enschede, Fax: +31 (53) 489 4734, e-mail:, - Due to special circumstances the conference venue has been moved from Münster to the University of Twente. Please contact Dr Jaap de Wilde!


Training in International Civilian Peace-keeping and Peace-building

In 1993, against the background of a growing number of intra-state conflicts, the Österreichisches Studienzentrum für Frieden und Konfliktforschung (ÖSFK: Austrian Study Center for Peace and Conflict Research) introduced the first-ever training programme in 'civilian peace-keeping and peace-building'. The projectÑwhich has now been running successfully for five yearsÑprepares people from a variety of professional backgrounds for work in societies where serious political conflicts are in train.

Three times a year, the centre runs a two-week foundation course, followed by two-week specialization courses in, for example, mediation, observation of elections, human-rights protection, dissemination of information, or post-conflict reconstruction. Funding from the Austrian government may be available for participants from non-OECD countries.

Contact: Luitgard Hammerer, Österreichisches Studienzentrum für Frieden und Konfliktlösung, A-7461 Stadschlaining/Burg, Tel.: +43 (3355) 2498, Fax: +43 (3355) 2662, e-mail:,


International Alert

With assistance from the European Commission, International Alert's Standing International Forum on Ethnic Conflict, Genocide and Human Rights has published an information pack on conflict transformation. The pack is aimed at a wide readership and can be used by trainers, trainees, and other people with an interest in the solution of violent conflicts.

The Resource Pack for Conflict Transformation begins with an introduction to the overall theme. The second part focuses, amongst other things, on the different types of conflict and on methods of conflict resolution, thus also providing an overview of the theoretical background. The third and fourth parts suggest possible themes and organizational procedures for workshops. In addition to the references given at the end of each chapter, the pack contains a general bibliography on conflict resolution, including IA publications.

Contact: International Alert, 1 Glyn Street, London SE11 5HT, UK, Tel.: +44 0171 793 8383, Fax: +44 0171 793 7975, e-mail:


Militarism in Germany 1971-1945

The Arbeitskreis Historische Friedensforschung (AHF: Work-Group on Historical Peace-Research) and the Institut für Sozialgeschichte e.V. Braunschweig-Bonn (Institute of Social History, Braunschweig/Bonn) are joining with the city of Braunschweig to organize a colloquium on the theme 'Militarism in Germany 1871-1945: Contemporary Analyses and Criticism'. The colloquium will take place from 20 to 22 November 1998 in Braunschweig and will focus on the following aspects: (1) facets of the criticism of militarism in imperial Germany; (2) criticism of militarism by pacifist officers and politicians; (3) feminist criticism of militarism; (4) a comparison of militarism in Germany, France, and England.

A talk entitled `The Wehrmacht and Society: Militarism in the National Socialist Period' will be given by Professor Manfred Messerschmidt (Freiburg. i. Br.) as part of a public meeting to be held on the Saturday evening. And in his concluding address on the Sunday, Professor Ekkehart Krippendorff (Berlin) will tackle the theme of peace research as demilitarization research. A finalized programme will be sent out to participants well in advance of the meeting. As numbers will have to be restricted, prospective participants are asked to register in writing.

Contact: Doris Faßbender (registrations), Institut für Sozialgeschichte e.V., Godesberger Allee 149, D-53175 Bonn, Tel.: +49 (228) 883-473, Fax: +49 (228) 883-497; Dr Wolfram Wette (organizer), Historisches Seminar der Universität Freiburg, Werthmannplatz, D-79085 Freiburg or (home address) am Moosrain 1, D-79183 Waldkirch, Tel.: +49 (7681) 6702, Fax: +49 (7681) 4642.

Globale Trends 1998

Globale Trends 1998: Fakten--Analysen--Prognosen, edited by Ingomar Hauchler, Dirk Messner, and Franz Nuscheler, is the fourth edition of this joint publication by the Development and Peace Foundation in Bonn and the Development and Peace Institute in Duisburg.

The 1998 edition updates the core chapters of previous editions and takes up new themes such as the world food-problem, the situation of women in various regions of the world, and the threat posed by cultural conflicts. Two introductory sections by the editors draw out various prospects for global governance from the analysis of global trends.

Contact: Development and Peace Foundation, Gotenstr. 152, D-53175 Bonn, Tel.: +49 (228) 95925-0, Fax: +49 (228) 95925-99.

Legitimation of the Military

A comparative study of security policy in France and Germany (Militär und Legitimation) by Johannes M. Becker was published in 1997 by the Interdisziplinäre Arbeitsgruppe Friedens- und Abrüstungsforschung (IAFA: Interdisciplinary Work-Group on Research into Peace and Disarmament) at the Philipps University in Marburg.

With the collapse of the USSR, the enemy-image of communism cultivated since the time of German remilitarization lost its raison d'tre. Despite this, in the Western states, beset by an ongoing crisis, redirection of expenditure away from arms and armies and towards social and economic purposes has still not begun. Against this background, Johannes Becker asks whether the armies of the core European countries of France and Germany, in the form in which they currently exist and with their current strategies and tasks, still have a place in people's system of values. The book also includes an excursus on Britain by Gert Gohde.

Contact: Interdisziplinäre Arbeitsgruppe Friedens- und Abrüstungsforschung, c/o Johannes M. Becker, Universität Marburg, Wilhelm-Röpke-Str. 6, Zi. 21, D-35039 Marburg, Tel.: +49 (6421) 283811-32517.

International Economic Co-operation

Within the framework of its Master's course, the University of Siegen offers students the opportunity of in-depth study on international economic co-operation. Given Germany's increasing global economic and political links, this study-option is intended to serve as preparation for careers in the field of international co-operation.

Following completion of the basic module, the course covers the following areas: introduction to external economic and development policy; an outline of development policy; German foreign policy; techniques of project-management; international law/international economic law; international organizations; external economic and development policies of major industrial and developing countries; international transport-policy; ethics and international politics; regions and the world economy; French, Russian, and American foreign policy.

The course includes a practical during which expert reports are produced or research projects with a focus on development policy are undertaken. Students are recommended to choose subsidiary subjects related to the main theme (e.g. economics, sociology, geography) and to take steps to improve their knowledge of the English, French, and Spanish languages.

Contact: Prof. Jürgen Bellers, FB 1 Politikwissenschaft, Universität-GH Siegen, Adolf-Reichwein-Str. 2, D-57068 Siegen, Tel.: +49 (271) 740-1, Fax: +49 (271) 740-4911.

Solving Conflict, Building Peace

To mark the 350th anniversary of the Peace of Westphalia, the Education Office of the city of Münster has published a brochure entitled 1648-2048 Konflikte lösen, Frieden entwickeln: Anregungen für den Unterricht (1648-2048 Solving Conflict, Building Peace: Suggestions for Teachers).

The notion of peace education underlying the brochure is a broad one, embracing political and ecological education and intercultural learning. The brochure is intended to provide teachers with tips about how they might introduce the theme of peace into their lessons both from the historical and topical points of view. As well as an introduction to the subject-matter proper, it contains a list of contact organizations, events, literature, materials, and addresses that may be of help in lesson-preparation.

Contact: Aud Riegel-Krause, Stadt Münster, D-48127 Münster, Tel.: +49 (251) 492-40 60, Fax: +49 (251) 492-77 57.

Loccumer Protokolle

A publication by Jörg Calließ entitled Wodurch und wie konstituiert sich Frieden? Das zivilisatorische Hexagon auf dem Prüfstand was published in 1997 in the Protestant Academy's `Loccumer Protokolle' series. It contains the original papers presented at an Academy meeting held from 15 to 16 December 1996 to explore the genesis, validity, and explanatory value of Dieter Senghaas's idea of a 'civilizatory hexagon'. The papers also examine Senghaas's teachings and recommendations and the criticism levelled at the hexagon-idea.

Contact: Evangelische Akademie Loccum, Protokollstelle, Postfach 2158, D-31545 Rehburg-Loccum, Tel.: +49 (5766) 81-119, Fax: +49 (5766) 81-128.

Project on European Nuclear Non-proliferation (PENN)

The Project on European Nuclear Non-proliferation is a network of non-governmental organizations and individuals working on the issues of European nuclear weapons, the future of nuclear disarmament, nuclear-arms policies, and nuclear non-proliferation. The project is being co-ordinated by the Berlin Information Center for Transatlantic Security (BITS) in collaboration with the W. Alton Foundation.

The project will monitor the official discussions about the future of nuclear weapons and help make them more transparent, publish relevant analyses and political commentaries, and highlight important political issues and problems. It seeks to promote nuclear disarmament in Europe and to help ensure that the European Union ultimately becomes a non-nuclear member of the NPT.

Contact: Berliner Informationszentrum für Transatlantische Sicherheit, Rykestr. 13, D-10405 Berlin, Tel.: +49 (30) 442-6042, Fax: +49 (30) 4410-221.

Osnabrück Yearbook on Peace

Editions 3 (1996) and 4 (1997) of the Osnabrücker Jahrbuch Frieden und Wissenschaft have been published jointly by the mayor of Osnabrück and the rector of Osnabrück University. The two volumes contain compilations of the `Osnabrück Peace Talks' of 1995 and 1996, together with articles on peace and conflict research. The articles in the 1997 edition focus on the theme of conscientious objection and desertion. This volume also contains two reports on the 'Musica pro Pace' meeting, held in Osnabrück on 25 October 1996. Both editions have appendices containing relevant materials and documents.

Contact: Dr Rolf Düsterberg, Universität Osnabrück, Neuer Graben/Schloß, D-49069 Osnabrück, Tel.: +49 (541) 969-4668, Fax: +49 (541) 969-4570.

Coping with the Future, Coping with Conflict

This was the theme of a meeting about the upheavals in the higher-education system (notably the Fachhochschulen or advanced technical colleges) which took place as part of the eleventh colloquium of the Arbeitskreis Frieden in Forschung und Lehre an Fachhochschulen (Work-Group on the Research and Teaching of Peace at Advanced Technical Colleges) from 19 to 21 September 1996 at the college of administration in Kassel. The work-group's eighth yearbook, edited by Hartwig Boyan and Johannes Esser, was published under the same name as the colloquium (Zukunftsfähigkeit und Konfliktkompetenz).

The eighteen colloquium papers gathered together in the yearbook are devoted to the following themes: (1) coping with the future, coping with conflict; (2) current political, social, and ecological problems; (3) curricular perspectives and core teaching-areas at advanced technical colleges; (4) social-work methods; (5) social and international processes of transformation.

Contact: Arbeitskreis Frieden in Forschung und Lehre an Fachhochschulen, FH Fulda, Marquardtstr. 35, D-36039 Fulda, Tel.: +49 (661) 9640-200, Fax: +49 (661) 9640-249.


Gender Studies Small Grant Program (GSGP) 1998

The Gender Studies Small Grant Program was set up by the Open Society Institute in collaboration with the Program on Gender and Culture Studies, with a view to encouraging gender initiatives in the states of central and eastern Europe and in the former Soviet Union. The grants-programme is aimed at institutions in these areas which are involved in research or political activities that are of particular relevance to gender issues. Support is available for organizing conferences, workshops, and seminars, for the purchase of publications and office equipment, and for various services (such as translation). Information on the conditions of application can be obtained from the address given below.

Contact: Program on Gender and Culture, Gender Small Grant Program, Central European University, H-1051 Budapest, Nador u. 9, Fax: +36 (1) 327-3001, e-mail:


Israel/Palestine Center for Research and Information (IPCRI)

The Israel/Palestine Center for Research and Information runs the largest Israeli-Palestine-Jordanian peace-education project in the region. In the two years since its inception, it has developed multi-disciplinary curricula that are being tested in more than twenty-eight schools in Israel, Palestine, and Jordan. A seminar scheduled for March 1998 was aimed at recruiting new schools to the project. The IPCRI is a unique venture that aims to expose students to the possibilities of a peaceful future and to help them to a better understanding of the political positions of the other sides.

In addition to a number of intensive training-sessions for teachers in the three participating countries, two conferences have been held which have offered opportunities for discussion and an exchange of experiences. A workshop focusing on familiarization of other cultures and value-systems took place in mid-February 1998, and was followed by an exchange visit by teachers later in the month.

Contact: Israel/Palestine Center for Research and Information (IPCRI), P.O. Box 51358, Jerusalem 91513, Main Office, Palestine Street, El-Doha, Bethlehem, Israel, Tel.: +972 (2) 647-6054/5/6, Fax: +972 (2) 647-6057, e-mail:


Ethnic world

Ethnic World is the name of a new bulletin produced jointly by the Center for Social Research of the Kyrgyz National Academy of Sciences (NAS), the Anthropology Society of Kyrgyzstan, the Center for World Research, and the Information and Research Center of the Kyrgyzstan People's Assembly. The Russian world for 'world' has three meanings: peace, world, and space. This diversity in meaning is reflected the range of themes dealt with in the bulletin, which covers very varied aspects of the development of inter-ethnic relations in the Central Asian region.

Contact: Information and Research Center of the Kyrgyzstan People's Assembly, 78, of. 1,4, Pushkin St, Bishkek, Kyrgyz Republic, Tel.: +7 (3312) 262-660, Fax: +7 (3312) 262-660, e-mail:

South Africa


Cantilevers is an international journal that explores experiences, ideas, and strategies of conflict transformation and the building of positive peace. As its name suggests (a cantilever bridge facilitates passage between two destinations or entrenched positions), the journal seeks to promote dialogue between parties to conflicts and to help increase international awareness of issues relating to conflict resolution and the creation of peace. Besides providing analyses of large numbers of current disputes, it offers parties to conflicts--particularly marginalized groups--a forum in which to air their points of view publicly.

The 1997 issues, devoted to peace and conflict in Africa, tackled the themes of reconciliation in transitional South Africa--`Transforming Relationships, Building Peace'; `Communities, Sustainable Development and Peace in Southern Africa'; and `Religion and Spirituality, Conflict and Peacemaking in Africa'.

Contacts: Eric Abitbol, 4591 Ave du Parc, Montreal, Qc, H2V 4E4, Canada, Tel.: +1 (514) 842-0898, e-mail: - Eric McCandless, 1660 Hobart Street NW, Washington DC, 20009, USA, Tel.: +1 (202) 986-6463, e-mail: - Paul Seto, 107 Derinton Rd, Tooting Bec, SW17 8HZ, London, GB, Tel.: +44 (181) 682-0868 - Valerie Smith, Independent Projects Trust, 1802 Old Mutual Centre, 303 West St, Durban 4001, South Africa, Tel.: +27 (31) 305-8422, Fax: +27 (31) 305-8420,


Swiss Institute for Conflict Resolution Unveils New Three-Year Plan

The Institut für Konfliktlösung (Institute for Conflict Resolution) at the Schweizerische Friedensstiftung (SFS: Swiss Peace Foundation) has unveiled its three-year plan for 1997-2000. The foundation is ideologically committed to non-violent conflict resolution and attaches particular importance to the prevention of crisis and violence in politics and society. Its research into the causes of peace and conflict extends over six complementary areas: (1) investigation of situations of human-environmental interaction liable to result in conflict; (2) civilian conflict resolution; (3) establishment of early-warning systems; (4) analysis of peace-related achievements resulting from European union, and the effects of these on Swiss foreign and security policy; (5) women's participation in the political system, in particular from the point of view of the role they play in civilian conflict resolution in the different countries of the world; (6) investigation of the peace-policies pursued by international organizations, notably the UN, the OSCE, and NATO, and, in regard to the last of these, consideration of Switzerland's 'Individual Partnership for Peace'.

The activities of the Institute for Conflict Resolution focus on Europe and on regions in which violent conflicts are most likely to occur. Particular attention is paid to crises and conflict-resolution on the African continent. In the newly unveiled three-year programme, the emphasis is on education and research, but practical conflict resolution is to be given a higher profile in the medium term. As a result, the next three-year programme (2000-3) will devote more attention to the following areas: (1) organization of round-tables; (2) training of institute staff in methods of conflict resolution; (3) holding of seminars to discuss pilot projects in conflict intervention; (4) conflict consultancy and supervision/'intervision' of projects conducted by others; (5) assessment and initiation of conflict mediation; (6) conduct of projects to promote the professionalization of mediation.

Contact: Institut für Konfliktlösung, Schweizerische Friedensstiftung, Gerechtigkeitsgasse 12, Postfach, CH-3000 Bern 8, Tel.: +41 (31) 31155-82, Fax: +41 (31) 31155-83, e-mail:,

More Background Material on Current Conflicts

The forty-fourth publication in the series `Zürcher Beiträge zur Sicherheitspolitik und Konfliktforschung', produced by the Forschungsstelle für Sicherheitspolitik und Konfliktanalyse (Research Centre for Security Policy and Conflict Analysis) at the Technical University in Zurich was recently published. The work of Kurt R. Spillmann, it is the sixth in a series on the background to current conflicts, and contains a collection of lectures on this theme given in the 1997 summer term. In addition to various security issues relating specifically to Asia, Africa, and Europe, the articles address, amongst other things, the eastward expansion of NATO and the problem of nuclear terrorism and the illicit nuclear trade.

Contact: Forschungsstelle für Sicherheitspolitik und Konfliktanalyse, Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule, Zentrum/Sei D2, CH-8092 Zürich, Tel.: +41 (1) 6324025, Fax: +41 (1) 6321943.

United States of America

Albert Einstein Institution Fellowship

The Albert Einstein Institution offers grants for research into non-violent action. The grants are available to candidates for doctoral degrees undertaking dissertation-research/writing dissertations and to advanced scholars conducting specific research-projects. They may also be awarded for practitioners in past or present non-violent struggles preparing documentation, description, or analysis of conflicts. Applicants must be able to demonstrate the capacity to make a significant contribution to the understanding of non-violent action, either in theory or practice. Details of the conditions of application may be obtained from the address below.

Contact: Albert Einstein Institution, 50 Church Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA, Tel.: +1 (617) 876-0311, Fax: +1 (617) 876-0837, e-mail:

Carnegie Commission on Preventing Deadly Conflict

In December 1997, the Carnegie Commission on Preventing Deadly Conflict published its final report. The commission was set up in May 1994 by the Carnegie Corporation of New York, to develop new schemes for the prevention and resolution of deadly conflict. After long-term world-wide observation, the commission identifies major causes of deadly ethnic, nationalist, and religious conflicts between and within states, and the factors that promote or prevent them. It examines strengths and weaknesses of various international actors in conflict prevention and puts forward proposals as to how international organizations might help develop an effective international system of non-violent problem-solving and a culture of conflict prevention.

Contact: Carnegie Commission on Preventing Deadly Conflict, 1779 Massachusetts Ave, NW, Suite 715, Washington, DC 20036-2103, USA, Tel.: +1 (202) 332-7900, Fax: +1 (202) 332-1919, e-mail:

Conflict Research Consortium Colorado

The University of Colorado Research Consortium has completed an upgrade of its website. The resources now available range from working papers, through case-studies, book reviews, information from the field of peace and conflict research, listings of conflict-related education and training courses, 650 relevant web-links, and free on-line searching of conflict-related data-bases, to the homepage of the Hewlett Conflict Resolution Theory Building Centers. The consortium also offers an on-line course on strategies for dealing with tractable and intractable conflicts.

Contact: Conflict Resolution Consortium, University of Colorado, Campus Box 327, Boulder, CO 80309, USA, Tel.: +1 (303) 492-1635, Fax: +1 (303) 492-2154,

Injustice Studies

Injustice Studies is an independent international electronic journal which seeks to focus academic attention on the study of injustices around the world. Working from an interdisciplinary perspective, the articles examine the nature of injustice, types of injustice, and the history, processes, and moral psychology of particular instances of it, ranging from global to local events. Articles, reports, and commentaries can be sent to the address given below.

Contact: Thomas W. Simon, 4540 Philosophy, Illinois State University, Normal, IL 61790-4540, Tel.: +1 (309) 438-2868 (office) and +1 (309) 438-7665 (department), Fax: +1 (309) 438-8028,

Journal for the Study of Peace and Conflict

The 1998 issue of the Journal for the Study of Peace and Conflict (formerly known as Viewpoints on War, Peace and Global Cooperation) has appeared. Published by the Wisconsin Institute for Peace and Conflict Studies, the journal contains articles, essays, and reviews on a broad range of themes. Topics covered by this year's issue include: aspects of the nuclear threat, the Gulf War, the 1996 elections in Russia, the global economy in the twenty-first century, the postmodern military, the ethics of military action, and purposeful intervention in Haiti.

Contact: Sharon Roberts, Wisconsin Institute for Peace and Conflict Studies, UWSP LRC/900 Reserve St, Stevens Point WI 54481, USA, Tel.: +1 (715) 346-3383,


Peace Review

Peace Review is a multidisciplinary quarterly dealing with issues of peace, development, and human rights. Themes of forthcoming issues will include: 'National Self-determination' (spring 1998, deadline for submissions 16 January 1998); 'Anniversaries in US Empire 1848Ñ1898Ñ1998' (summer 1998, deadline 28 May 1998); 'Overcoming Linguistic Violence' (winter 1998, deadline 20 July 1998). Essays on other relevant aspects of violence, war, human rights, the economy, development, culture, and the environment are also welcome.

Contact: Robert Elias (editor), Peace Review, University of San Francisco, 2130 Fulton St, San Francisco, Ca 94117, USA, Tel.: +1 (415) 422-6349, Fax: +1 (415) 388-2631/422-2772, e-mail:

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